Intelligence Gathering: A Military and Police Function  揭開特務的神祕面紗

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Intelligence Gathering: A Military and Police Function  揭開特務的神祕面紗

by William Ryan

The next-door neighbor could be a spy.
隔壁鄰居可能是一名間諜。

  Eileen Burgoyne lived alone for 20 years in an ordinary house in Twickenham, south-west London. Her neighbors described her as quiet and unassuming. She died of dementia in 2013 _(1)_ the age of 99. Only three people attended her funeral. Builders renovating the house after her death made a startling discovery. A functioning machine gun along with many other weapons and a supply of ammunition were found in the house. The police _(2)_ the neighborhood before conducting a thorough search of the property. No other dangerous items were found, but police needed to know the origin of the weapons that were found. The answer was surprising. Eileen Burgoyne was a post-World War II intelligence operative in the _(3)_ of the Combined Services Detailed Interrogations Centre (CSDIC) and the Women’s Royal Army Corps.
  Contrary to the image _(4)_ in 007 movies, an effective spy does not draw attention with fancy clothes and flashy cars. A real spy tends to be quiet and unassuming. Spies perform a range of tasks. Sometimes they provide false information to _(5)_ the governments they are working against. Some agents live as foreign workers _(6)_ normal jobs. They provide specific information their agency wants. Tasks vary, so the accompanying personal risks can be high. Spying, also known as espionage, is a serious crime. The UK provides a maximum prison term of 14 years. The maximum _(7)_ in the US is execution. Body of Lies starring Leonardo DiCaprio as a CIA operative in the Middle East and the Hong Kong crime thriller Infernal Affairs are popular films of the spy genre.

1. (A) for  (B) as  (C) from  (D) at
2. (A) seized  (B) evacuated  (C) colonized  (D) paved
3. (A) name  (B) service  (C) event  (D) presence
4. (A) portray  (B) portraying  (C) portrayed  (D) portrayal
5. (A) mislead  (B) disguise  (C) undertake  (D) inherit
6. (A) for the purpose of  (B) under the cover of  (C) at the mercy of  (D) with the aim of
7. (A) impairment  (B) movement  (C) requirement  (D) punishment

 
  1. She died of dementia in 2013 at the age of 99.
    她於 2013 年死於失智症,享壽九十九歲。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    at the age of + 年齡  在……歲的時候
    衍: at the speed of + 速度  以……的速度
    Sandy had her first child at the age of 32.
    珊蒂在三十二歲時生了第一個小孩。
    Jane drove at the speed of 60 miles an hour.
    阿珍當時以時速六十英里的速度開車。
    b. 根據上述用法,(D) 項應為正選。
  2. The police evacuated the neighborhood before conducting a thorough search of the property.
    警方進行徹底搜查房屋之前先撤離了社區的居民。
    理由:
    a. (A) seize vt. 抓住,捉住
    衍: seize sb by the + 身體部位  抓住某人的……部位
    The police officer seized the thief by the arm.
    該警察抓住了那名小偷的手臂。
    (B) evacuate vt. 撤離;疏散
    Before the hurricane hit, residents were evacuated to another area.
    居民在颱風來襲之前就被撤離到另一個地區。
    (C) colonize vt. 殖民於……
    The British first colonized Australia in the 18th century.
    英國在十八世紀率先開拓澳洲殖民地。
    (D) pave vt. 鋪築,鋪砌
    Henry paved his driveway with concrete.
    亨利用混凝土來鋪砌他的車道。
    *concrete n. 混凝土
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  3. Eileen Burgoyne was a post-World War II intelligence operative in the service of…
    艾琳.伯戈茵是一名二戰後為……服務的情報特工。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    in the service of…  為……服務
    Care workers work in the service of the sick and elderly.
    醫護人員為病患與老年人服務。
    b. 其他選項:
    (A) in the name of…  藉……的名義(做某事)
    (C) in the event of…  萬一/倘若……
    同: in case of…
    (D) in the presence of…  在……面前;當……的面
    同: in one’s presence
    c. 根據上述用法及語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  4. Contrary to the image portrayed in 007 movies, an effective spy does not draw attention with fancy clothes and flashy cars.
    與 007 電影中所描繪的形象相反,有本事的間諜不會以花俏的衣服與昂貴奢華的車子來吸引目光。
    理由:
    a. 本句實為:
    Contrary to the image which is portrayed in 007 movies, an effective spy does not draw attention with fancy clothes and flashy cars.
    b. 限定修飾的形容詞子句(即關係代名詞前無逗點)中,若關係代名詞為主詞時,該子句可化簡為分詞片語,化簡原則如下:
    1) 刪除關係代名詞;
    2) 之後的動詞變成現在分詞;
    3) 若動詞為 be 動詞,變成現在分詞 being 後可省略。
    c. portray vt. 描繪;描寫
    The novel portrays how a teenage girl deals with peer pressure.
    這部小說在描寫一名少女是如何處理同儕壓力的。
    d. 根據上述,(C) 項應為正選。
  5. Sometimes they provide false information to mislead the governments they are working against.
    他們有時提供錯誤情報以誤導他們所反對的政府。
    理由:
    a. (A) mislead vt. 誤導(三態為:mislead, misled, misled。)
    衍: mislead sb into V-ing  誤導某人從事……
    mislead sb about sth  誤導某人某事
    The report misled us into believing what the politician said was the truth.
    這篇報導使我們誤信那個政治人物說的是事實。
    Why did you mislead me about the nature of your relationship?
    關於你們究竟是什麼關係,你為什麼要誤導我?
    (B) disguise vt. 掩飾,偽裝
    衍: disguise oneself as…  某人偽裝成……
    The officer disguised herself as a drug addict to catch the drug dealer.
    該警官裝扮成吸毒者來掩飾其真實身份,以便捉拿那名毒梟歸案。
    (C) undertake vt. 從事;承擔
    Professor Smith undertook the project of writing a book on zoology.
    史密斯教授接下了撰寫動物學專書的計劃。
    *zoology n. 動物學
    (D) inherit vt. 繼承;遺傳(某特徵)
    衍: inherit sth from sb  從某人繼承/遺傳到某物
    According to Sam’s will, his son will inherit a fortune on his 18th birthday.
    根據山姆的遺囑記載,他兒子將在十八歲生日當天從他那兒繼承一筆財產。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  6. Some agents live as foreign workers under the cover of normal jobs.
    有些在異國的特務以擁有一份正常工作來作為掩護。
    理由:
    a. (A) for the purpose of…   為了……的目的
    The meeting was held for the purpose of electing a new chairman.
    召開這次會議的目的是要選出一位新主席。
    (B) under the cover of…  在……的掩護下
    The police made an attack on those drug traffickers under the cover of night.
    警方趁著黑夜對毒品走私販發動攻擊。
    (C) at the mercy of…  任由……擺佈/支配
    mercy n. 仁慈
    The poor tenants were at the mercy of their cruel landlord.
    那些可憐的房客任憑殘酷的房東擺佈。
    *tenant n. 房客
    (D) with the aim of…  為了……的目的
    Jerry saved up his money with the aim of traveling to Europe next summer.
    傑瑞為了明年夏天要去歐洲旅行而存錢。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  7. The maximum punishment in the US is execution.
    在美國,最高可處死刑。
    理由:
    a. (A) impairment n. 損傷
    Mary suffered from a memory impairment after a terrible car accident.
    瑪麗經歷嚴重車禍意外後就飽受記憶受損之苦。
    (B) movement n.(社會或政治的)運動
    The Civil Rights Movement brought great changes to the US in many aspects.
    民權運動在許多層面上為美國帶來很大的改變。
    (C) requirement n. 要求;條件
    衍: meet sb’s / the requirements  符合(某人的)要求/條件
    Only those who meet the requirements are allowed to enter the contest.
    只有符合條件的人才可以參賽。
    (D) punishment n. 處罰,懲罰
    Larry’s punishment for littering was to pick up trash from the streets for three hours.
    賴瑞亂丟垃圾的處罰就是去街上撿三個小時的垃圾。
    *litter vi. 亂丟垃圾
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  1. intelligence n. 情報;智力
    衍: The Central Intelligence Agency  中央情報局
    (簡稱 CIA,負責美國對外的情報工作,總部設在維吉尼亞州)
    The woman used to work for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
    這名女士曾經替美國中央情報局工作過。
    Tara made use of her intelligence and creativity to help her company develop new products.
    塔拉運用她的智慧與創意幫她的公司研發新產品。
  2. renovate vt. 整修;翻修
    The gallery is being renovated and will be closed until the end of the year.
    這座美術館目前正在整修,要到年底才會開放。
  3. startling a. 令人驚訝的
    同: surprising a.
    The patient made a startling recovery.
    這名病患的復原情況令人驚訝。
  4. conduct vt. 執行,實行
    衍: conduct a survey  進行調查
    = carry out a survey
    The company conducted a survey in the market before they launched their new product.
    這家公司在推出新產品前,進行了一項市場調查。
  5. thorough a. 徹底的;周密的
    After thorough research, the scientist believed he had found the solution to the problem.
    那位科學家在經過縝密的研究後,認為自己已經找到了問題的解決之道。
  6. property n. 財產(尤指地產);特性(常用複數)
    It is illegal to trespass on private property.
    擅自闖入私人住宅是違法的。
    *trespass on / upon…  擅自闖入……
    We compared the physical properties of the two substances.
    我們比較了這兩種物質的物理特性。
    *substance n. 物質;本質
  7. flashy a. 昂貴又亮麗的
  8. agent n. 探員;經紀人
  9. agency n. 局;處
    衍: a travel agency  旅行社
  10. accompanying a. 伴隨的
    衍: accompany vt. 伴隨;陪伴
    accompany sb to + 地方  陪某人到某處
    Rachael decided to write a story, complete with accompanying sketches, to cheer up her little sister.
    瑞秋決定要寫個故事並加上插畫來為她的妹妹打氣。
    Melanie accompanied Terry to the opening of the new club.
    梅蘭妮陪泰瑞參加新俱樂部的開幕。
  11. execution n. 處決;執行,實行
    Executions were once held there without trial.
    在那兒曾一度不用經過審判就可執行死刑。
    The execution of the plan will take place tomorrow.
    這項計劃的實行將於明天召開。

unassuming a. 不張揚的
dementia n. 失智症
functioning a. 可運作的;有功能的
a machine gun  機關槍
ammunition n. 彈藥
post- prefix 在……之後
operative n. 偵探,特務
衍: an intelligence operative  情報局特工
interrogation n. 訊問,審問
spying n. 間諜活動
espionage n. 間諜活動
thriller n. 驚悚片;恐怖小說或電影等
infernal a. 陰間的;可憎的
genre n.(影視、音樂、文藝作品等的)類型

  1. describe A as B  將 A 描述為 B
    同: depict A as B
    Travel brochures describe Hawaii as a tropical paradise.
    旅遊手冊把夏威夷描述成熱帶天堂。
    *brochure n. 手冊,指南
  2. a supply of…  一批……
  3. Contrary to…  與……相反的是,……
    Contrary to popular myth, women are not worse drivers than men.
    和普遍錯誤的觀念相反,女性開車不比男性差。

揭開特務的神祕面紗
隔壁鄰居可能是一名間諜。
  艾琳.伯戈茵在倫敦西南部特威克那姆的一間普通房子裡獨居了二十年。她的鄰居形容她安靜低調。她於 2013 年死於失智症,享壽九十九歲。當時只有三個人參加了她的葬禮。於她過世後翻修她故居的建商有了一個驚人的發現。屋內發現有一挺能正常運作的機關槍及許多其他武器,還有一批彈藥。警方進行徹底搜查房屋之前先撤離了社區的居民。警方沒有發現其他的危險物品,但他們必須知道這批被發現武器的來源。答案令人驚訝。艾琳.伯戈茵是一名二戰後為英國聯合審訊中心(簡稱 CSDIC)及皇家女子陸軍團服務的情報特工。
  與 007 電影中所描繪的形象相反,有本事的間諜不會以花俏的衣服與昂貴奢華的車子來吸引目光。真正的間諜往往安靜不張揚。間諜執行一系列的任務。他們有時提供錯誤情報以誤導他們所反對的政府。有些在異國的特務以擁有一份正常工作來作為掩護。他們提供情報局想要的特定信息。間諜的任務不一,因此伴隨而來的個人風險可能很高。間諜活動(也稱作 espionage)是一種嚴重的犯罪行為。英國規定處以最高十四年有期徒刑。在美國,最高可處死刑。由李奧納多.狄卡皮歐主演在中東活動的中情局特務的《謊言對決》,以及香港犯罪驚悚片《無間道》是間諜類型的兩部熱門電影。
答案: 1. D 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. B 7. D

 
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